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Are you in the market for a new home in Nigeria? The process of buying a house can be both exciting and overwhelming, especially with the vast array of options available. Whether you're looking for houses for sale in Abuja, Lekki, port hacourt, or other areas, it's important to have a clear understanding of the steps involved in the buying process. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the 10 essential steps to purchasing your dream home in Nigeria.

Step 1: Determine Your Budget and Location

The first and most crucial step in buying a house is determining your budget and preferred location. This will help you narrow down your options and focus your search on properties that align with your financial capabilities and lifestyle. Consider factors such as proximity to amenities, transportation, schools, and work locations when choosing a location. It's important to strike a balance between affordability and convenience.

Step 2: Engage a Competent Lawyer

To ensure a smooth and legally sound transaction, it's vital to engage the services of a competent lawyer who specializes in property transactions. Not all lawyers are well-versed in the intricacies of real estate law, so it's crucial to hire someone with the necessary expertise and experience. Your lawyer will guide you through the legal aspects of the buying process, conduct due diligence, and protect your interests.

Step 3: Find the Perfect Property

With the guidance of your lawyer, begin your search for the perfect property that meets your budget and location requirements. You can enlist the services of a reputable estate agent who will help you identify suitable properties and arrange viewings.
Another approach is to search for properties listed on property marketplaces. Online marketplaces allow real estate agents to post property listings and reach potential property owners like yourself. is a recommended property marketplace that allows you to view multiple listings, and connect to the agent in charge of the listing. Loftables has advanced filtering options that allow you to filter by state, locations within the state, number of bedrooms, and the type of buildings e.g. apartment buildings, fully detached or semi-detached buildings, or even terraces. There are also different filter options for determining if you want a house for sale or an apartment for rent. With loftables, you can combine these filters to find the perfect home for you e.g. 3 Bedroom apartment for sale at Lekki, Lagos, or 5 Bedroom Fully detached duplex at Apo Residential, Abuja.

Your lawyer may also recommend trustworthy estate agents they have worked with in the past. Take your time to assess each property and evaluate its suitability for your needs.

Step 4: Verify the Seller's Legitimacy

Before proceeding with any property purchase, it's crucial to verify the legitimacy of the seller. Property fraud is a significant concern in Nigeria, so conducting thorough due diligence is essential. Your lawyer will investigate the seller's ownership of the property, ensuring that they have the legal authority to sell it. This step is essential when dealing with family land or communal property.

Step 5: Conduct a Property Investigation

Once the seller's legitimacy has been established, it's time to conduct a comprehensive investigation of the property itself. Your lawyer will perform searches and examine relevant documentation to ensure that the property is free from any encumbrances, pending litigation, or government acquisition. This step is crucial to protect your investment and avoid future legal complications.

Step 6: Visit and Inspect the Property

Before finalizing the purchase, it's essential to visit and physically inspect the property. This allows you to assess its condition, amenities, and overall suitability. Accompany a registered surveyor during the visit to review the survey plans and provide expert advice on the property. Make sure that the property meets your expectations and aligns with your long-term plans.

Step 7: Negotiate the Purchase

Once you are satisfied with the property, it's time to negotiate the purchase terms with the seller. Your lawyer will play a crucial role in this stage, providing guidance on fair market value, future liabilities, and other relevant factors. Consider obtaining an independent valuation to ensure that the negotiated price reflects the property's true worth. Negotiate in good faith, aiming for a mutually beneficial agreement.

Step 8: Document Drafting and Negotiation

After reaching an agreement with the seller, your lawyer will proceed with drafting and negotiating the necessary completion documents. In Nigeria, property transactions typically involve three main documents: the contract of sale, the receipt, and the Deed of Assignment. Your lawyer will ensure that these documents protect your interests and address all relevant aspects of the transaction.

Step 9: Completion, Exchange, and Possession

Once all the legal documents have been finalized, the completion process begins. The buyer and seller sign and exchange contracts and the buyer takes possession of the original title and transfer documents. At this stage, the purchase price is typically paid. With the completion process complete, you officially become the owner of the property and can take possession.

Step 10: Post-Completion Formalities

After taking possession of the property, there are a few post-completion formalities to be carried out. These include filing the necessary documentation with the appropriate government authority and obtaining Governor's consent for the transaction. The governor's consent is a crucial step that leads to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy, signifying the completion of the property transaction.


Purchasing a house in Nigeria is an exciting endeavor that requires careful planning, due diligence, and a competent legal team. By following these 10 essential steps, you can navigate the complex buying process with confidence and ensure a successful and legally sound transaction. Remember to engage a competent lawyer, conduct thorough investigations, and negotiate in good faith. With the right guidance and preparation, you'll soon be the proud owner of your dream home in Nigeria.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for general informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. Always consult with a qualified lawyer for specific legal guidance tailored to your unique situation.

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